Smokeless Tobacco Trends and Risks

Current Trends

As U.S. smoking rates decline, smokeless tobacco use is on the rise. According to the Federal Trade Commission, the number of cigarettes sold or given away has dropped from 402.2 billion in 2001 to 354.6 billion in 2005 ; the number of pounds of smokeless tobacco sold increased from 112.19 million in 2001 to 116.2 million in 2005.

Use Rates

adult smokess tobacco use

high school smokess tobacco use

Sources: 8,9

Groups at High Risk for Smokeless Tobacco Use

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Youth who smoke cigarettes are 8 times more likely to use smokeless tobacco; only 2% of non-cigarette-smoking youth report smokeless tobacco use.10
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High School males
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Among racial/ethnic groups for adults – American Indians and Whites
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Among racial/ethnic groups for youth – Whites and Hispanics
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People living in Southern and North Central States9
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People employed in blue collar occupations, service/laborer jobs or unemployed9


For more detailed information on use trends go to the Current Trends in Smokeless Tobacco in Utah at: (PDF 36.5 KB)

1. Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. “Smokeless Tobacco & Kids.” 3 October 2007.
2 Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. “Smokeless Tobacco in the US.” 4 October 2007.
3 The Bacchus Network. “Top Facts: Spit Tobacco.” November 2006. 4 October 2007.
4 National Cancer Institute. “Smokeless Tobacco & Cancer: Q&A.” 30 May 2003. U.S. National Institutes of Health. 4 October 2007.
5 National Spit Tobacco Education Program. “Spit Tobacco Facts.” Oral Health America. 4 October 2007.
6 Federal Trade Commission. “Cigarette Report for 2004 and 2005.” 2007. 9 October 2007.
7 Federal Trade Commission. “Smokeless Tobacco Report for the years 2002-2005.” 2007. 9 October 2007.
8 Centers for Disease Control. State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System. Department of Health and Human Services. 13 May 2007.
9 Centers for Disease Control. “Fact Sheet: Smokeless Tobacco.” April 2007. Department of Health and Human Services. 9 October 2007.
10 American Legacy Foundation. “Beyond Cigarettes: The Use of Other Tobacco Products.” March 2005. 1 June 2007.
11 Campaign For Tobacco Free Kids. “The US isn’t Sweden.” 15 October 2007.


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Other Reports and Data